Reference: Renniks Page 187-2018 Banknote& Coin Catalogue.
Banknote Description: Hay Internment Camp.
Denomination: Six Pence.
Grade: Extra Fine.
Serial Number: C 40692. Best described as extremely rare
RR: $12.000.00. Source Renniks 28th edition Banknote & Coin Catalogue 2018.
Historical Notation: In July 1941 some 2500+ “enemy aliens”, including political internees were load aboard the Troopship Dunera at Liverpool England bound for Australia.
These internees were European mainly of Jewish descent & political refugees. These refugees have fled to England to escape both Nazi’s and fascist.
On arrival in England all of this number was treated as potential spies, with a decision made by the War Office for transportation to Australia.
On arrival by the DUNERA in Melbourne Australia, 545 soles were considered as potentially dangerous & were offloaded at Melbourne dock. The balance of over 2000 soles was transported to the final destination to North Head Quarantine Station. Sydney Australia.
After quarantine the remainder was transported by train to Camps 7 & 8 located in Central Western New South Wales.
On arrival at Camp 7-Located in Hay New South in January 1941, a number of inmates decided to print paper money.
The logistics of this effort were enormous; the detainee’s arrived with a suitcase and little else.
A printing press has to be made; engravers were needed to design each banknote in denominations of Six Pence, One Shilling & Two Shilling.
Printing quality paper was obtained by deception to complete the cycle.
The issuing authorities of Camp 7 assigned their signatures to the Specimen banknote of each denomination; from here these banknotes were reproduced using a hand rolled printing press.
These internal banknotes contravened Commonwealth law, with cessation of these banknotes in September 1941.
The Australian military board ordered the closing of all civilian-owned canteens in Camp 7. All redeemed banknotes were destroyed
Leaving only unredeemed banknotes that have survived into the 21st Century.
These banknotes have become “ICONS” of Australian currency history with rarity described as priceless.
The ingenuity of inmates of Camp 7 in producing Camp Currency in 1941 is without parallel in Australian currency history.
The creators of this currency were Mendel/Stahl. Mendel/Epstein and Robinow/Stahl from March to September 1941.
Looking carefully at the design a number of standout features apply.
- Barbed wire around the perimeter of the obverse side of the banknote.
- The Australian Coat of Arms including a “Merino” shield.
- OBVERSE- George A.Teltschier. Bottom right corner in lower case. The designer and engraver.
In all available history of these banknotes up until TRN completing our historical research.
His connection to the history of Hay Internment Camp would have faded into history.
- A background of wire fences and poles, a sublime reminder to inmates as to just where they were.
- Recorded serial numbers and date of issue. Recording Camp 7. Details of location could not be given in 1941.
- Twenty Five Merinos on the reverse side all with the number 7.Recoding Camp 7. This is the reverse side of the Dunera voyage, over 800 remained in Australia after the war.